Beatriz Domínguez-Gil is medical doctor specialised in Nephrology. She developed her residency in nephrology during 1996-2000 in one of the most active Spanish hospitals in transplantation, the University Hospital 12 de Octubre in Madrid. At this hospital, she worked in the field of clinical nephrology, with a particular focus in kidney transplantation, where she developed clinical research activities. She is PhD in internal medicine by the Complutense University in Madrid since 2007, after her research about the efficacy and safety of kidney transplantation from anti-HCV positive donors into anti-HCV positive recipients (Summa Cum Laude). In November 2006, she joined the Spanish National Transplant Organization (ONT in its Spanish acronym), and is her director general since May 2017.
ONT is acknowledged worldwide for the development of the so-called Spanish Model on Organ Donation and Transplantation, leading Spain to extraordinary levels of deceased donation and transplantation. She leads the organization by promoting and implementing a number of programmes, projects and initiatives aiming at increasing the availability of human organs, tissues and cells, ensuring high quality and safety standards in the field, and equitable allocation of substances of human origin. As a result, the Spanish transplant system has become an international reference for all countries in the world.
At the ONT, Beatriz Domínguez-Gil has been leading the ONT´s programme for international cooperation through different organisations (Council of Europe, European Union, Iberoamerican Network/Council of Organ Donation and Transplantation and World health Organization). Through this comprehensive international programme, ONT intends to enhance organisational models and quality and safety of organ donation, procurement and allocation, and to the fight against organ trafficking.
Beatriz Domínguez-Gil is chair of the Committee of Transplantation of the Council of Europe (CD-P-TO). As Spanish representative at this committee, she co-authored the Joint Study of the Council of Europe and the United Nations on Trafficking in organs, tissues and cells and trafficking in human beings with the purpose of the removal of organs. 1 This study called for the development of an international treaty to define the trafficking in human organs, and include provisions for its prosecution and prevention, as well as for the protection of its victims. The Study would later derive on the Council of Europe Convention against Trafficking in Human Organs, 2 a Convention open for signature in Santiago de Compostela (Spain) in March 2015. Within the CD-P-TO, she has lead or co-lead initiatives related with the role and responsibilities of critical care professional in deceased donation, the optimization of live kidney transplantation and the description of practices in donation after circulatory death in Europe, among others. She has co-chaired the working group for the elaboration of the 6 th Edition of the Council of Europe Guide on the quality and safety of human organs intended for transplantation, published in 2016 and co-chairs the 7 th Edition which will be published in 2018.
Beatriz Domínguez-Gil has been the project lead of European Union (EU) co-funded projects, particularly the DOPKI project and the Joint Action ACCORD. 3 She is the Spanish representative at the EU network of Competent Authorities in the field of organs, tissues and cells and active member of different groups set by the European Commission to assist the said network through the provision of recommendations in the field – indicators for international monitoring of practices and benchmarking, live donation and donor coordinators. Beatriz Domínguez-Gil was part of a dedicated team set down by the Spanish government to lead the development of Directive 2010/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 July 2010 on standards of quality and safety of human organs intended for transplantation adopted during the last Spanish presidency of the EU.
Beatriz Domínguez-Gil is chair of the Iberoamerican Network/Council on Organ Donation and transplantation (RCIDT in its Spanish acronym). This forum intends to promote exchange of best practices between Latin American countries, Portugal and Spain, provide guidance to governments to develop structured transplantation systems and facilitate the training of professionals from the Latin American region, particularly in the field of donor coordination.
At the level of the World Health Organization (WHO), Beatriz Domínguez-Gil has been actively involved in the update of the WHO Guiding Principles on Human cells, tissue and organ transplantation, adopted by the World Health Assembly in 2010. 4 She has lead the development of landmark recommendations, as those reflected at the Madrid Resolution on Organ Donation and Transplantation, published in 2011. 5 She is member of the WHO Task Force to promote ethical practices in the the donation and Transplantation of organs, tissues and cells, established last June 2018. In cooperation with the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, she lead the development of the United Nations Resolution 71/322 on Strengthening and promoting effective measures andinternational cooperation on organ donation andtransplantation to prevent and combat trafficking in persons for the purpose of organ removal and trafficking in human organs.
Beatriz Domínguez-Gil is past chair of the European Donation and Transplant Coordination Organization (EDTCO). She is past councillor for Europe at The Transplantation Society (TTS), and member of its Ethics Committee. She is past chair of the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism, a professional platform that promotes the implementation of the principles of this Declaration. She is past member of the Executive of the Spanish Society of Transplantation. She has more than 100 publications in scientific journals and book chapters.